NEW DELHI — Rahul Gandhi, the scion of India’s Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty, submitted nomination papers Monday to succeed his mother as president of main opposition Congress party that has governed the country for decades.
Without a serious rival for the top party post, Gandhi is set to be elected Dec. 16.
He faces a challenging task of reinvigorating his party, which was ousted from power by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party in 2014. Modi is expected to seek re-election for a second five-year term in 2019 national elections.
The task is even more formidable with the Congress party suffering humiliating defeats in recent state elections, notably in Uttar Pradesh state, despite Gandhi’s active campaigning to win back people’s support.
Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced Gandhi’s nomination at party headquarters. “This is yet another step in quest for serving the people through the Congress party,” he said.
Gandhi entered politics in 2004, holding a parliamentary seat representing northern Uttar Pradesh state. The seat was held by his mother until she shifted to a neighbouring constituency. He was appointed party vice-president, a position behind her, in 2013.
Sonia Gandhi has led the party for 19 years. She has had health problems but the family and party have given little information. She had surgery in the United States for an undisclosed reason in 2011, and has returned to the U.S. for regular checkups since then.
Rahul Gandhi will be the sixth member of the Nehru-Gandhi family to lead Congress. His father Rajiv Gandhi, grandmother Indira Gandhi and grandfather Jawaharlal Nehru have served as prime ministers since India’s independence from British colonialists in 1947.
Party workers have been demanding Rahul Gandhi’s elevation since 2013, but he shied away from holding a top position until now.
His supporters argued he was rebuilding the party at the grassroots level and has taken a lead in the Congress’ campaigns in state elections in Uttar Pradesh and in Bihar in recent years. The party performed poorly in both states’ elections last year.