CAIRO — The retrial of two Al-Jazeera English journalists who face terror-related charges in a case widely criticized by human rights organizations and media groups is set to begin Monday in Egypt.
Both acting bureau chief Mohamed Fahmy and Egyptian producer Baher Mohammed have been free on bail since earlier this month awaiting trial, though they’ve had to check in with police each day.
The two, arrested in December 2013, face charges accusing them of being part of a terrorist group and airing falsified footage intended to damage Egyptian national security. Satellite news network Al-Jazeera is based in Qatar, which was the main backer of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood group, of which toppled Islamist President Mohammed Morsi belonged.
Since Morsi’s ouster, Egypt has been cracking down heavily on his supporters, and the journalists were accused of being mouthpieces for the Brotherhood. Al-Jazeera and the journalists have denied the allegations, saying they were simply reporting the news.
Another colleague arrested with them, Australian Peter Greste, was deported to Australia on Feb. 1 under a new law allowing foreigners accused of crimes to be deported. Fahmy, a dual Egyptian-Canadian national, dropped his Egyptian citizenship after he said Egyptian security officials told him it was the only way he would benefit from the new law.
Egypt’s Court of Cassation, the country’s highest appeals court, ordered the retrial, saying the initial proceedings were marred by violations of the defendants’ rights. Fahmy received a seven-year prison sentence, while Mohammed received a 10-year sentence.
Eleven other defendants in the case – mostly students accused of being Brotherhood members – previously were ordered released without bail.
Since being released on bail, Fahmy, 40, has criticized Al-Jazeera, saying its “epic negligence has made our situation harder, more difficult, and gave our captor more firepower.” Mohammed, 31, previously said he was “optimistic” about his retrial, though he “decided not to any expectations.”
There are at least nine other journalists in detention in Egypt. The Committee to Protect Journalists listed Egypt in 2014 as one of the 10 worst jailers of journalists around the world, along with China, Iran, Turkey and Ethiopia.