MANILA — As part of the government’s preparation for a possible intensity 8 earthquake that may hit Luzon, the Department of Health (DOH) shared some tips for quake preparedness and survival.
The DOH came up with a list of tips after the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology’s (PHIVOLCS) warning that there is a possibility of a strong quake hitting northern Luzon and some parts of the Cordillera region.
Since earthquakes strike suddenly without warning, the DOH said that planning and identifying potential hazards are keys to effectively reduce the dangers of serious injury and even death.
Before an earthquake, the DOH noted that a community should develop an emergency plan. Residents should also familiarize themselves with their place of work or residence.
Residents should take note of hotlines and emergency numbers to call for help and prepare an emergency supply kit.
This kit could consist of food, water, clothing, first aid supplies, mobile phone, whistle, flash light, and extra batteries.
Heavy furniture and objects, which may break loose and fall during earthquakes, should be secured.
During an earthquake, the DOH said that individuals should not panic and instead remain calm.
If inside a building, the DOH advised individuals not to jump from the building. It is best to go to the nearest exit and leave the building as soon as possible.
If the building is structurally sturdy, the DOH advised to stay inside and brace yourself in a doorway or stay beside or underneath sturdy furniture to protect yourself from falling objects.
If outdoors, individuals should move to an open area away from nearby buildings, bridges, posts, power lines, and other structures that may fall or collapse.
As for those driving, they are advised to pull over to the side of the road and stay as low as possible inside the vehicle.
As soon as an earthquake stops, the DOH said that individuals should immediately check themselves for any injuries and check for injured or trapped people near the affected area.
An injured person should seek medical help.
The DOH noted that individuals should also check for fire, toxic chemical spills, and other hazards in surroundings and check water and electric lines for defects or damage.
Gas, water, and electric lines should also be inspected for any damage and leak. If in doubt, shut off main switches.
Finally, the DOH stressed that individuals should immediately evacuate the moment they smell gas. Also, stay away from damaged buildings.